Jacobean embroidery is a style of embroidery design, rather than an embroidery technique. The style includes elaborate stylized flowers, vines, plants, animals, and birds. The name “Jacobean” comes from James I of England (Latin: Jacobus), under whose reign this style of décor became popular.
Jacobean embroidery is often confused with crewel work, which is surface embroidery worked in wool. While Jacobean designs were sometimes worked in wool, they were also worked in silk and even could include metal threads, and now, Jacobean embroidery designs are worked in a variety of fibers, often combined to good effect.